Eurycoma longifolia (family: Simaroubaceae) is commonly distributed in the Southeast Asia and Indo-China. In particular, the aqueous extract and decoction of its root are a well-known folk medicine which enhances sexuality, fertility and antiaging. Furthermore, it has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolics, saponins, tannins and triterpenes. This plant is rich in various quassinoids including eurycolactone, eurycomalactone, eurycomanol, eurycomanone and eurycomaoside all of which has been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including increased muscle strength, endurance in cycling time and reduced anxiety and stress. Based on established literature on the health benefits of E. longifolia, this review article has attempted to compile E. longifolia to be one of the choices of ergogenic plants.
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