The withania coagulans belonging to family Solonaceae and distributed mainly in East of the Mediterranean region, extending to South Asia. This plant is rich in withanolide. The Withania coagulans possess a number of medicinally important activities such as antifungal activity, anthelmintic, antimicrobial, hypolipidemic, antioxidant, anti-cytotoxic, anti-fungal activity, Hypoglycemic activity etc. Fruits of Withania coagulans gaining popularity as a antidiabetic. The present review explores its economical importance, distribution, chemical composition, pharmacological activity and traditional uses of Withania coagulans.