Citrullus colocynthis an Important Plant in Indian Traditional System of Medicine

Pharmacognosy Reviews,2020,14,27,22-27.
Published:June 2020
Type:Review Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Manish Kapoor1, Navneet Kaur1*, Chanchal Sharma1, Gurdeep Kaur1, Rupinder Kaur2, Kajal Batra1 and Jyoti Rani1

1Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala-147002 Punjab, INDIA.

2Department of Biotechnology, D A V College, Amritsar-143006 Punjab, INDIA.

Abstract:

Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad, commonly known as Colocynth, a member of Cucurbitaceae is native to Mediterranean region and Asia. It is a wild, perennial, herbaceous, non-tough, harsh, angular vine with lobular tendrils, alternate leaves and small yellow monoecious flowers. Recently, various researches have been done to assess restorative capability of the plant. It contains various phytochemical constituents such as alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, triterpenoids, proteins, saponins and steroids along many pharmacological properties viz. diuretic, hypolipidemic, anti-cancerous, antioxidant, anti-microbial. This work is an endeavor to assemble and explore the various phytochemical and pharmacological properties announced till date.