Anti-helminthic Activity of Plant Extracts against Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants - A Review

Pharmacognosy Reviews,2021,15,30,xx-xx.
Published:September 2021
Type:Review Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Manaswini Dehuri1,*, Santwana Palai2, Bijayendranath Mohanty1, Lanchalung Malangmei1

1Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science and Ani-mal Husbandry, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, INDIA.

2Department of Veterinary Pharmacolo-gy and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, INDIA.

Abstract:

Endoparasites like gastrointestinal nematodes have a deleterious effect on animal health and production as well as have a role in immunity, energy and protein metabolism. There has been appreciable effort in finding alternative remedies to these parasites owing to the problem of resistance and residue in animal body due to anthelmintics. Researchers around the world have experimented with extracts (different parts of plants) utilizing various in vivo (FECRT) and in vitro tests (AMA, EHA, LDA, LMIT) showing encouraging results against gastrointestinal nematodes especially Haemonchuscontortus in case of Annona squamosa, Azadirachtaindicda, Cassia surattensis, Chenopodium ambrosioides, Jatropha curcas, Melia azedarach amongst other plants. The present review enumerates those several plants that have antinematodal properties, with a view that further research is warranted to develop a cost effective and environment friendly botanical as the way forward in place of traditionally used anthelmintics.