Pharmacological and Biochemical Aspects of the Lamiaceae Family used in the Treatment of Intestinal Parasitosis in West and Central Africa

Pharmacognosy Reviews,2021,15,29,69-75.
Published:June 2021
Type:Plant Review
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Lissette Houedénou Degla1,2, Pascal Abiodoun Olounlade1,3,*, Abdou Madjid Olatoundé Amoussa4, Erick Virgile Bertrand Azando2,3, Mawule Sylvie Hounzangbe- Adote2, Latifou Lagnika4

1Zootechnical Research and Livestock System Unit, Laboratory of Animal and Fisheries Sciences, Doctoral School of Agricultural and Water Sciences, National University of Agriculture, 01 BP: 55 Porto-Novo, BENIN

2Laboratory of Biochemistry and Bioactive Natural Substances, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Abomey-Calavi, 04BP 0320, Cotonou, BENIN

3Laboratory of Ethnopharmacology and Animal Health, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, BENIN

4Faculty of Agronomy, University of Parakou, 01 BP 123, Parakou, BENIN

Abstract:

Background: In the search for new molecules likely to treat intestinal parasitosis with less risk in the short, medium and long term, the potential of medicinal plants is explored. and Ocimum gratisimum are two species of the Lamiaceae family used by populations of intestinal parasitosis from Benin. The aim of this work is to make a bibliographic synthesis of these two species in order to orient research for their use in the control of intestinal parasitosis. Results and Conclusion: H. suaveolens and O. gratissimum are endowed with nutrients, mineral compounds and secondary metabolites (flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, phenolic compounds, saponins, steroids, glycosides, and essential oils). Antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, antiparasitic, antidiabetic, anticancer, antiulcer, wound healing and insecticidal activities are reported. The antimicrobial activities that are reported for H. suaveolens and O. gratissimum may justify their uses in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. The gastrointestinal disorders are manifestations but not specific of intestinal parasitosis. However, few studies have investigated the anthelmintic activities of these two species. A strong variation was also noted in the essential oils composition of H. suaveolens and O. gratissimum. This variation is the consequence of several chemotypes of essential oils which can influence the biological activities of the species. Further investigations are therefore important for the use of H. suaveolens and O. gratissimum in the control of intestinal parasitosis.