Citrullus colocynthis an Important Plant in Indian Traditional System of Medicine

Pharmacognosy Reviews,2020,14,27,xx-xx.
Published:April 2020
Type:Review Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Manish Kapoor1, Navneet Kaur1*, Chanchal Sharma1, Gurdeep Kaur1, Rupinder Kaur2, Kajal Batra1, Jyoti Rani1
1Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala-147002 Punjab, INDIA.
2Department of Biotechnology, D A V College, Amritsar-143006 Punjab, INDIA.


Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad, commonly known as Colocynth, a member of Cucurbitaceae is native to Mediterranean region and Asia. It is a wild, perennial, herbaceous, non-tough, harsh, angular vine with lobular tendrils, alternate leaves and small yellow monoecious flowers. Recently, various researches have been done to assess restorative capability of the plant. It contains various phytochemical constituents such as alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, triterpenoids, proteins, saponins and steroids along many pharmacological properties viz. diuretic, hypolipidemic, anti-cancerous, antioxidant, anti-microbial. This work is an endeavor to
assemble and explore the various phytochemical and pharmacological properties announced till date.