Vietnamese Ginseng (Panax vietnamensis Ha and Grushv.): Phylogenetic, Phytochemical, and Pharmacological Profiles

Pharmacognosy Reviews,2019,13,26,59-62.
Published:November 2019
Type:Plant Reviews
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Tung Huu Nguyen1,2, Thuong Thien Phuong3

1Faculty of Pharmacy, Phenikaa University, 2Phenikaa Research and Technology Institute, A and A Green Phoenix Group, 3Division of Biotechnology, Vietnam-Korea Institute of Science and Technology (V-KIST), Hanoi, VIETNAM.

Abstract:

Vietnamese ginseng (VG) (Panax vietnamensis, Araliaceae) is indigenous in the central highlands of Vietnam and the southernmost distribution in the Panax genus. Compared to the long history of use and overall research on Korean ginseng and American ginseng, the up‑to‑date publication on VG is relatively much less extensive. The studies on VG have been reported focusing on phylogenetic analysis, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activity. To date, there is no systematic review of VG. In this review, the phytochemical profile including 52 individual saponins of VG is described, it becomes noteworthy that ocotillol‑type ginsenosides including majonoside R1 and majonoside R2 are unique and dominate in the title plant of the Panax spp. In addition, various pharmacological activities of VG extracts and components are summarized and discussed.