Salvadora persica

Pharmacognosy Reviews,2010,4,8,209-214.
Published:October 2010
Type:Short Review
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

M. Khatak, S. Khatak1, A. A. Siddqui2, N. Vasudeva3, A. Aggarwal, P. Aggarwal4

1Ram Gopal College of Pharmacy, Gurgaon, Haryana, India

2Raj Kumar Goel Institute of Technology, 5 Kilometer Milestone, Delhi Meerut Road, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Jamia Hamdard University, Hamdard Nagar, Delhi, India

4Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmaceutics Division, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar - 125 001, Haryana, India

5Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmaceutics Division, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India

Abstract:

Salvadora persica (kharijal) is a large, well-branched and evergreen shrub or a tree resembling Salvadora oleoides (meethijal) found in the dry and arid regions of India. Chewing sticks have been used for centuries for tooth cleaning and are recommended by the World Health Organization in areas where their use is customary. Salvadora persica has enormous reported activities. It has potential medicinal and research activities. Salvadora persica is a promising product and is useful to produce antiplaque, analgesic, anticonvulsant, antibacterial, antimycotic, cytotoxic, antifertility, deobstruent, carminative, diuretic, astringent and also used in biliousness and rheumatism. This review highlights the pharmacologic effects and therapeutic effects of Salvadora persica. The chemical constituents present in different parts of the plant are also discussed.